Simple TLS Server

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The code below is a complete implementation of a minimal TLS server. The first thing we do is initialise openssl in the init_openssl() function by loading the strings used for error messages, and setting up the algorithms needed for TLS. We then create an SSL_CTX or SSL context. This is created using the SSLv23_server_method which despite its name actually creates a server that will negotiate the highest version of SSL/TLS supported by the client it is connecting to. The context is then configured - we use SSL_CTX_set_ecdh_auto to tell openssl to handle selecting the right elliptic curves for us (this function isn't available in older versions of openssl which required this to be done manually). The final step of configuring the context is to specify the certificate and private key to use.

Next we perform some normal socket programming and create a new server socket, there's nothing openssl specific about this code. Whenever we get a new connection we call accept as normal. To handle the TLS we create a new SSL structure, this holds the information related to this particular connection. We use SSL_set_fd to tell openssl the file descriptor to use for the communication. In this example, we call SSL_accept to handle the server side of the TLS handshake, then use SSL_write() to send our message. Finally we clean up the various structures.


#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <openssl/ssl.h>
#include <openssl/err.h>

int create_socket(int port)
{
    int s;
    struct sockaddr_in addr;

    addr.sin_family = AF_INET;
    addr.sin_port = htons(port);
    addr.sin_addr.s_addr = htonl(INADDR_ANY);

    s = socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
    if (s < 0) {
	perror("Unable to create socket");
	exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    if (bind(s, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, sizeof(addr)) < 0) {
	perror("Unable to bind");
	exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    if (listen(s, 1) < 0) {
	perror("Unable to listen");
	exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    return s;
}

void init_openssl()
{ 
    SSL_load_error_strings();	
    OpenSSL_add_ssl_algorithms();
}

void cleanup_openssl()
{
    EVP_cleanup();
}

SSL_CTX *create_context()
{
    const SSL_METHOD *method;
    SSL_CTX *ctx;

    method = SSLv23_server_method();

    ctx = SSL_CTX_new(method);
    if (!ctx) {
	perror("Unable to create SSL context");
	ERR_print_errors_fp(stderr);
	exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    return ctx;
}

void configure_context(SSL_CTX *ctx)
{
    SSL_CTX_set_ecdh_auto(ctx, 1);

    /* Set the key and cert */
    if (SSL_CTX_use_certificate_file(ctx, "cert.pem", SSL_FILETYPE_PEM) < 0) {
        ERR_print_errors_fp(stderr);
	exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }

    if (SSL_CTX_use_PrivateKey_file(ctx, "key.pem", SSL_FILETYPE_PEM) < 0 ) {
        ERR_print_errors_fp(stderr);
	exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
    }
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
    int sock;
    SSL_CTX *ctx;

    init_openssl();
    ctx = create_context();

    configure_context(ctx);

    sock = create_socket(4433);

    /* Handle connections */
    while(1) {
        struct sockaddr_in addr;
        uint len = sizeof(addr);
        SSL *ssl;
        const char reply[] = "test\n";

        uint client = accept(sock, (struct sockaddr*)&addr, &len);
        ssl = SSL_new(ctx);
        SSL_set_fd(ssl, client);

        if (SSL_accept(ssl) <= 0) {
            ERR_print_errors_fp(stderr);
        }
        else {
            SSL_write(ssl, reply, strlen(reply));
        }

        SSL_free(ssl);
        close(client);
    }

    close(sock);
    SSL_CTX_free(ctx);
    cleanup_openssl();
}